Green Technologies

the third scenario to achieve carbon neutrality

Technological development provides more of the answers to environmental challenges than changes towards more moderate consumption patterns or energy sufficiency.

Metropolitan areas are growing.
Digital technology, which enables energy or material efficiency, is used in all sectors. The best technologies are deployed widely and are widely accessible to the part of the population that can afford it.

in 2050

Massive renovation and demolition - reconstruction

  • New cycle of “Haussmann” style demolition and reconstruction of new and efficient housing generating massive consumption of natural resources.
  • The supply of less carbon-intensive building materials and systems grows.
of the main housing stock
(12 million units) has been
built since 2015.

Continuation of consumption trends enabled by decarbonisation of the energy mix.

  • Concentration of trade within the European Union.
  • This production dynamic requires a great deal of resources and therefore raw materials produced from waste.
  • Decarbonisation of industry occurs by electrification of processes and the use of hydrogen.
-30% & -86%
reductions in energy
consumption and GHG
emissions respectively
in industry.

Maximum biomass consumption for multiple uses

  • Environmental footprint of the food supply reduced by the performance of the industry.
  • Intensification of agriculture with significant use of synthetic fertilisers.
  • Increased area of energy crops.
  • Intensification of forestry for energy needs with little reafforestation.

The search for efficiency takes precedence over mobility

  • Modal shift is low and concentrated in major cities and on main rail and waterway routes.
  • The main efforts are focused on accelerating decarbonisation of fleets and energy, particularly by electrification of vehicles.
increase in miles
travelled by passengers
compared to 2015.
NB : the data shown in this infographic is defined in relation to the year 2015.

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