Massive renovation and demolition - reconstruction
- New cycle of “Haussmann” style demolition and reconstruction of new and efficient housing generating massive consumption of natural resources.
- The supply of less carbon-intensive building materials and systems grows.
(12 million units) has been
built since 2015.
Continuation of consumption trends enabled by decarbonisation of the energy mix.
- Concentration of trade within the European Union.
- This production dynamic requires a great deal of resources and therefore raw materials produced from waste.
- Decarbonisation of industry occurs by electrification of processes and the use of hydrogen.
consumption and GHG
Maximum biomass consumption for multiple uses
- Environmental footprint of the food supply reduced by the performance of the industry.
- Intensification of agriculture with significant use of synthetic fertilisers.
- Increased area of energy crops.
- Intensification of forestry for energy needs with little reafforestation.
The search for efficiency takes precedence over mobility
- Modal shift is low and concentrated in major cities and on main rail and waterway routes.
- The main efforts are focused on accelerating decarbonisation of fleets and energy, particularly by electrification of vehicles.
travelled by passengers
compared to 2015.