Frugal Generation

the first scenario to achieve carbon neutrality

Significant changes in the way we travel, heat ourselves, eat, buy and use equipment will occur to achieve carbon neutrality without involving carbon capture and sequestration technologies, which are unproven and uncertain on a large scale.

New consumer expectations, but above all new practices, are expressed rapidly in consumption patterns. Growth in energy demand that depletes resources and degrades the environment is halted, due to behavioural, organisational and technological innovations. The transition is mainly driven by frugal use of resources due to active constraints and consumer self-restraint or energy sufficiency.

in 2050

Limitation of construction, rapid renovation and large-scale changes in lifestyle.

  • Conversion of vacant housing and second homes into primary residences.
  • Drastic reduction in the number of new buildings.
  • Unparalleled level of energy renovation.
  • Pooling of facilities in housing units.
reduction in electricity consumption for specific uses (household appliances, electronics, lighting and so on).
Reduction in the
average surface area
of new houses.

A significant drop in demand for mobility.

  • More proximity and less mobility, favouring active modes: walking, cycling etc.
  • Major drop in car and aircraft travel.
  • Carpooling and hitch-hiking develop in rural areas.
drop in miles
travelled in total.

Respect for nature and energy sufficiency

  • Nature is protected, as a whole to which humanity belongs.
  • Part of the production apparatus is based on low-tech, which is more robust and can be repaired by ordinary people.

Profound transformation of dietary habits and intelligent use of forestry resources.

  • More extensive agriculture with few synthetic fertilisers.
  • Large areas of non-productive natural areas are developed.
  • Improved sustainability of biological carbon sinks in the form of forests.
Meat consumption
reduced by a
factor of 3.

Reduced industrial production and a market reoriented towards "Made in France”.

  • Reduced demand for products and services.
  • An economy based on functionality and repair makes significant inroads.
  • Local products are favoured by consumers.
  • Production of certain industries is relocated.
of steel, aluminium, glass,
paper, carboard and plastic
sourced from recycled materials.
NB : the data shown in this infographic is defined in relation to the year 2015.

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