Limitation of construction, rapid renovation and large-scale changes in lifestyle.
- Conversion of vacant housing and second homes into primary residences.
- Drastic reduction in the number of new buildings.
- Unparalleled level of energy renovation.
- Pooling of facilities in housing units.
average surface area
of new houses.
A significant drop in demand for mobility.
- More proximity and less mobility, favouring active modes: walking, cycling etc.
- Major drop in car and aircraft travel.
- Carpooling and hitch-hiking develop in rural areas.
travelled in total.
Respect for nature and energy sufficiency
- Nature is protected, as a whole to which humanity belongs.
- Part of the production apparatus is based on low-tech, which is more robust and can be repaired by ordinary people.
Profound transformation of dietary habits and intelligent use of forestry resources.
- More extensive agriculture with few synthetic fertilisers.
- Large areas of non-productive natural areas are developed.
- Improved sustainability of biological carbon sinks in the form of forests.
reduced by a
Reduced industrial production and a market reoriented towards "Made in France”.
- Reduced demand for products and services.
- An economy based on functionality and repair makes significant inroads.
- Local products are favoured by consumers.
- Production of certain industries is relocated.
paper, carboard and plastic
sourced from recycled materials.